Some animal vocabulary words are technical and hard to understand.
This animal glossary contains an alphabetical list of animal terms explained in concise detail.
- The part of the body between the thorax and pelvis in vertebrates.
- The third section of an insect’s body, after the head and thorax.
An extinct class of fish with jaws.
The ability of animals to develop behavior and evolutionary changes in order to survive in their habitat and adjust to changing circumstances.
A state of dormancy in animals characterized by reduced metabolic rate and inactivity. It often occurs in the summer and is necessary to survive harsh conditions such as droughts and high temperatures.
Age of Fledgling
The age at which birds develop wing feathers strong enough to take their first flight.
Age of Independence
The age at which animals become strong enough to survive in the wild without parental assistance.
Age of Sexual Maturity
The age at which animals become sexually developed to produce offspring.
A biological phylum classification that refers to fishes without jaws.
An extinct class of mollusk marine creatures known for their spiral shells.
Vertebrates, reptiles, birds, and synapsids that lay eggs on land or retain eggs within mothers. They possess membranes protecting them as embryos and develop without the larval stage.
Vertebrates that reside in water as larvae with gills and metamorphosize to develop lungs to live on land as adults and return to water to breed.
Mating behavior in amphibians in which males grasp females from behind with their front legs and fertilize the eggs with delay as the female releases them.
Projections seen at the end of caterpillars that make dragonflies capable of grasping prey.
Group of animals such as fishes and amphibians that lay eggs on water.
Allergic reactions by humans and mammals from insect stings characterized by low blood pressure, trouble breathing, weak pulse, pale skin, skin rash, nausea, and vomiting.
Amniotes with skulls that lack one or more holes or openings near the temple.
The internal and external structure of an animal’s body. It includes the position of organs, body shapes, and bone structure.
Multicellular eukaryotic organisms classified under the biological kingdom Animalia.
All organisms under the Animalia classification possess the ability to reproduce sexually, breathe in oxygen, are motile, and consume organic materials.
They develop from zygotes at fertilization to become multicellular embryos. Animals are classified into species, the basic unit of biological classification.
There exist about 1.5 million living animal species. They coexist and interact through intricate, complex relationships such as food webs which affect every aspect of life.
A related form of present animals.
A biological group of segmented or ringed tubular bodies.
Pairs of long, slender appendages in insects, crustaceans, and some arthropods sensitive to taste, smell, sound, heat, and touch.
Its size and shape vary depending on the species of insects, crustaceans, and arthropods.
Medications containing antibodies used to counteract the effects of venoms.
Extension of skulls found on the heads of deers and the Cervidae biological family composed of bones, blood vessels, cartilages, nerves, and skin.
Animals atop the food chain, that, as adults, do not get preyed on by other animals. They are integral to a functioning ecosystem as they ensure continuity and maintain biodiversity.
Small insects that suck tree saps and secrete honeydew.
Relating to water and the creatures that reside in water bodies.
A biological class of invertebrate animals characterized by their jointed legs.
The movement of animals that reside in trees. It also refers to the motion of animals while they are on a tree, even if they do not reside in trees.
A group of diapsids that primarily include crocodiles and birds as the only living members.
Invertebrate animals that have exoskeletons, segmented bodies, and jointed appendages.
Hoofed mammals that bear weight on the even number of toes on their feet.
A form of reproduction that requires one parent to produce offspring.
It is common in invertebrates, and often organisms exhibiting such behavior reproduce in large numbers.
A survival or self-defensive behavior in animals where they possess the ability to shed parts of their appendages to escape the grasps of a predator.
Average Clutch Size
The number of eggs an animal lays in one nesting.
A statistical hypothesis that determines the average duration of an animal’s life.
Average Litter Size
The number of young ones an animal can birth at a time. It is often equal to one-half of the teats the animal possesses.
The height, length, and weight an animal is expected to reach, based on statistical hypothesis.
Average Spawn Size
The number of eggs a fish can lay at a single time.
The estimated weight of an animal based on statistical hypothesis.
A long bone on the back of vertebrates responsible for support. It is made up of small vertebrae and is also referred to as the spine.
A filter-feeding mechanism made up of keratin found in the mouths of whales. It bears similarities to animal bristles.
A biological group of ray-finned fish species.
External anatomical horny structure projecting from the mouths of mostly birds, turtles and few mammals.
Beast of Burden
Animals used to carry loads.
Relating to the depths of a water body or the animals that reside in the depths of a water body.
Biological factors that pose significant danger to animals and their habitats, e.g., deforestation.
Beak of animals.
Vision in animals with which their two eyes can face the same direction to perceive a three-dimensional view of their surroundings in order to judge depth.
A biological habitat formed as a result of regional climate and the living organisms residing in it.
Capable of moving on two legs.
A biological group of warm-blooded vertebrates belonging to the Aves class characterized by the presence of feathers, high metabolism, four-chambered heart, lightweight skeleton, beaked jaws without teeth, and reproduction through laying of eggs with hard shells.
A biological group of freshwater mollusks that possess two proportional shells.
Bird of Prey
Hypercarnivorous birds that hunt and feed on other vertebrates, reptiles, and mammals.
Layers of fat found under the skin of cold-blooded marine animals.
A biological group of animals that are members of the ungulates.
The nostrils of dolphins and whales positioned atop their foreheads.
A form of arboreal locomotion carried out by primates which involves swinging from one tree limb to another with their arms.
Water bodies that have more salinity than fresh water but are not seawater. It is formed by the mixture of seawater and freshwater and is often where the river meets the ocean.
The behavior exhibited by cetacea (aquatic mammals) which involves jumping out of the ocean and falling back with a big splash.
A period in the year when male and female animals of the same species come together for the purpose of mating.
A layer of transparent, immovable scale covering the eyes of some animals, e.g., snakes, and lizards.
Animals that trick other animals into raising their young ones.
A behavior in herbivores which involves eating leaves, shoots, and fruits of high-growing plants and shrubs.
A poisonous secretion of the skin gland found on the back of the neck of amphibians.
A small insect with needle-like mouthparts for sucking food.
Structures made up of calcium in animals that provide support and protection. They include exoskeleton, shells, and bones.
Colors and patterns used by animals to blend with natural environments.
A member of the canine biological group.
The long pointed teeth in animals.
The act of feeding on an individual of the same species.
The lower and upper teeth towards the edge of the mouth used for shearing.
The upper part of the exoskeleton or the protective shell of an animal.
The remains of an animal
Animals that feed on the flesh or tissues of other animals.
The decaying remains of an animal fed upon by scavengers.
The connective tissue found in the skeleton of animals.
An extension of the bony structure on the upper mandible of the skull of birds, and some amphibians, and reptiles.
The act of being able to engage in activities necessary for survival, such as acquiring food and socializing, by day and night.
The smallest basic unit of life responsible for life’s processes.
A complex carbohydrate secreted by plants, which can only be digested by herbivores with the aid of microorganisms.
A biological class of mollusk characterized by tentacles, a prominent head, and a bilateral body.
A section of the bodies of arthropods and arachnids where the head and thorax are fused together.
A single appendage located found at the rear parts of arthropods, which serve as sensory organs.
A member of the aquatic mammal biological group cetacea.
The mouth and jaws of arachnids which may contain fangs.
A member of the phylum chordata.
A member of the order Testudines such as turtles and tortoises.
Sensory cells in animals and plants that can detect particles in air and water, and generate a biological signal by conversion of chemical substances to form sensory stimuli.
A hard, shiny case that protects the pupa of insects such as the butterfly.
Tiny threadlike projections found on microorganisms, and some cells used for directing the flow of fluids outside the cells or microorganisms.
A system of organs in animals made up of the heart and blood vessels, which circulates the flow of blood through the entire bodies of vertebrae animals.
A biological classification of the levels of a group of animals according to their ancestral or hereditary hierarchy. There are over 100 classes of animals.
An opening at the end of the posterior of animals that serves as the opening tract for reproductive, digestive, and urinary systems.
The hoof of animals that appear to be split into two.
A group of eggs laid and incubated together by a female bird.
A phylum of aquatic animals that live in marine habitats.
A nest made of woven silk that houses the pupae or eggs of insects.
Animals that cannot regulate their body temperature and absorb heat from the environment.
A group of insects that live and work together in a nest while protecting and working with a queen.
The development stage in the life of insects which sees its development from egg, larvae, pupa, to adult. The egg differs in great detail from the adult.
The eye of an animal that is divided into different sections, each with its own lens. It is commonly found in arthropods.
The protection and preservation of species of animals with the intention of increasing their numbers and ensuring their continual survival.
An indicator of the likelihood of species of animals being extant in the future.
The most recognized conservation status is the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) conservation status.
Species are ranked in 9 categories, namely:
- Not Evaluated
- Data Deficient
- Least Concerned
- Near Threatened
- Critically Endangered
- Extinct in the Wild
A snake that kills prey by wrapping itself around its prey, while restricting blood flow to vital organs.
Animals that are active at dusks and dawns, i.e., twilight periods.
A biological family of reptiles that include crocodile, alligators, gharials, and caimans.
A group of marine animals characterized by jointed limbs and hard shells.
The coloring of animals which they used to fuse with their environment or camouflage their presence.
Crustaceans with ten limbs.
A period of delay where the embryo does not get implanted in the uterus.
Aquatic animals that feed on organic matter that have settled down on the bottom of the ocean.
A scavenging animal that feeds on dead, decaying plants and animals.
Dead organic matter that contains tissues of animals and plants and fecal matter.
A flap of loose skin hanging from the neck of an animal.
The nature of food consumed by animals.
An animal finger or toes.
Unique characteristics of an animal.
Animals that are active during the daytime and rest at night.
Animals that live and are cared for by humans.
Located near or towards the upper surface of an animal.
A layer of soft feathers that traps hair to keep animals such as penguins warm.
A male bee with the sole task of mating with the queen. They do not work on the colony and lack the ability to sting.
A phylum of marine invertebrates that are found on the ocean beds and are characterized by hard internal skeletons.
A method of emitting calls used by animals to locate their position and preys by listening to the returns of the calls from objects around them.
The ecological conditions of an ecosystem and how an animal adapts to and is influenced by such conditions.
A geographic location where microorganisms, plants, and animals thrive alongside the physical factors necessary for animals to thrive functioning as a unit.
An animal that lives on the body of another animal while deriving nourishment from the blood of the animal.
Animals that produce little to no heat from internal physiological systems and rely on the environment to generate heat.
The phase in the development of amphibians from larvae to adults where they dwell mostly on land.
A bag made of woven silk formed by a female spider to house and protect her eggs.
The temporary tooth of an infant spider that it uses to pierce through the egg sac after hatching.
A hard protective case that covers the fore wings and rear wings of insects.
The early stage of development of multicellular organisms.
A conservation status level which points to a species of animal on the verge of being extinct.
An animal that lives in the tissues or organs of other animals and derives nourishment from it.
Warm-blooded animals that can generate and regulate their body temperature.
Animals that are members of the horse family.
The condition in which an animal thrives in. It refers to the physical and social conditions an organism lives in and how the animal interacts with other animals and living organisms in its surroundings.
The period of sexual cycle in animals marked by release of reproductive hormones which makes them in heat and make them ready to mate.
A marine habitat where river freshwater and ocean saltwater meet.
Estimated Population Size
The number of individuals of a particular species that exist at a particular period.
The process of changes in heritable characteristics of an organism over time.
Skeleton of an animal located outside of the body.
The terminations of the existence of a species of organism. It is marked by the demise or death of the last individual of a species of animal.
A form of reproduction in animal where the male sperm is introduced to the female egg outside the body.
A taxonomic rank in the biological classification of animals which is between the order and genus taxonomic ranks.
Long, pointed tooth in animals used for tearing flesh, biting prey, and injecting venoms in some animals.
Preferred foods consumed by animals.
A biological classification of animals that are generally referred to as cats and are in the order Carnivora.
The thigh bones in vertebrates with four legs.
Animals that are domestically raised but now live in the wild.
The process that occurs when a male animal’s sperm fuses with the egg of a female animal resulting in the development of a new organism.
The unborn offspring of an animal that develops from the embryo.
Animals that are capable of extracting organic food matter out of water.
Cold-blooded aquatic vertebrate animals that possess gills but do not have limbs.
They are mostly members of the biological class Actinopterygii.
There are over 34,000 species of fish. Fishes serve as food for mammals, reptiles, and humans.
A young bird that has developed feathers.
Birds with feathers but lack the ability to fly such as Emus and Penguins.
The feathers of a bird that provides strength for power when flying.
The paddle-like limb of some aquatic animals which is used for swimming.
The flesh between the last rib and the hip on the side of an animal.
A group of sheep or birds of the same species flying, feeding, or resting together.
Parasitic organisms (flatworms) found in the internal organisms of vertebrates and mollusks.
A linear sequence of links in an ecosystem that depicts the hierarchy of how food is consumed in the ecosystem.
The food chain begins with the producer organisms (plants that utilize sunlight to produce food through photosynthesis).
Producer organisms are consumed by the primary consumers (animals that feed on plants).
Secondary consumers feed on primary consumers and are then consumed by tertiary consumers.
Depending on the length of the food chain the tertiary consumers may be prey to the top predators or apex predators who are known as the quaternary consumers.
Food chains do not always end with the apex consumers but with the quaternary consumers who can be detritivores or species that feed on a decomposed matter such as fungi or bacterias.
An interconnection of various food chains in the ecosystem.
Plant organic matter fed upon by animals.
A colorless irritating chemical substance squirted by ants as a defense mechanism when they feel threatened.
The remains, impressions, or traces of remains of an animal that was last of geological age.
Animals that feed majorly on raw food or succulent parts of plants such as roots, shoots, nuts, and seeds.
A biological class of invertebrates that are in the phylum mollusca. They are primarily snails and slugs.
A taxonomic rank used in classifying living organisms found between the family and the species ranks. Names assigned at the genus taxonomic ranks forms the first part of an animal’s binomial or scientific name.
The process where animals develop in the womb.
The time or period between conception, development of the embryo in the womb, and birth of the animal. It differs in animals.
The respiratory organ in aquatic animals which extracts oxygen in water and releases carbon dioxide.
Bony or cartilaginous processes on the Gill arch that diverts solid matter from the gills.
A group of cells in an animal’s body that produce and synthesises substances known as hormones which are released into the bloodstream, cavities or other parts of the body.
The act of feeding on vegetation in the wild.
Sets of animals that are classified together based on mutual characteristics.
The actions animals engage in when associated with other animals mostly of its kind.
The larvae of insects such as beetles, wasps, and bees.
The ecological term refers to the particular area where an animal thrives as well as the various resources, biopics, and physical factors present in such areas.
The knob-like or small cub-like organs found on the body of flying insects that aids their ability to fly.
A sensory organ located on the heads of snakes, which helps them detect heat given off by warm-blooded prey. It helps snake strike prey with precise accuracy in the dark.
Animals that majorly feed on plants.
Animals that possess both male and females sexual organs and can reproduce on their own.
The study of amphibians and reptiles.
Arthropods that have six legs.
A state in which animals go to sleep for a long time or periods marked by long inactivity in order to survive cold periods. It is marked by low breathing, low heart rate, and low body temperature.
An area habited by a particular animal and where it moves to periodically.
A biological family of primates known as great apes which include humans and their evolutionary ancestors.
- A bird found in the genus Prodotiscus that intentionally lead humans to bee colonies so as to feed on grubs and beeswax left behind. Also known as honey birds or Indicator birds.
- Markings on flowers that guide insects to nectars.
A sugary sticky liquid secreted by insects that feed on plant saps.
A permanent pointed projection that contains keratin, proteins similar to a live bone on the heads of certain animals.
An animal in which a parasite live or thrives in.
The flat tooth is located in the front teeth of animals ls used for slicing or gnawing food.
The sort of development of an insect’s egg that sees it develop from the larvae stage directly to the adult stage but in a smaller size. The insect grows to full size as it develops.
The act of keeping the eggs of animals warm until they are ready to be hatched.
- The time it takes from an animal’s exposure to a pathogenic organism to the time the effects or symptoms become apparent.
- It also refers to the period when an egg is laid to when it hatches.
Invertebrate arthropods that belong to the phylum Insecta with bodies made of shells rather than bones.
They are characterized by an exoskeleton made of chitin, compound eyes, a three-part body (head, thorax, abdomen), and a pair of antennae.
Insects form about 90% of life on earth, and there are over 30 million species of insects.
Carnivorous animals that feed on insects.
The developmental stage in insects between two molts before they reach sexual maturity.
Fertilization that occurs inside the body and begins with the introduction of male sperm in the female reproductive organs.
Species of animals living and thriving in an area that is not their native range but were brought in accidentally or intentionally by humans.
It is also known as immigrant species, alien species, exotic species, foreign species, non-native species, and non-indigenous species.
Animals that do not have vertebral columns or backbones.
Invertebrates include all animals except mammals, reptiles, bony fish, and birds. Invertebrates form about 97% of animal species in existence.
A white substance made of dentine that is found on the tusks or teeth of animals such as elephants and walrus.
An organ found in the upper section of the mouth of some amphibians, reptiles, and mammals which serve as chemoreceptors and is part of the olfactory system of such animals. It is also known as the vomeronasal organ.
Animals that are not yet adults.
An extension of the bird’s breastbone that keeps the muscles tight when flying.
Fibrous protein which animals’ horns, fingers, and nails are made of.
The second highest taxonomic rank divided further into phyla.
Small crustaceans that live in the ocean.
Animals that are part of the Lagomorpha taxonomic order(rabbit and hare family)
The early stage of an animal in which it is totally different from the adult form of such animals.
An extinct group of early tetrapods.
The length of an animal’s life.
The number of young ones an animal can birth at a single time.
The geographical area in which an animal can be found.
The larva of a fly.
A warm-blooded vertebrae animal that gives birth to its young ones alive. Mammals are part of the biological class Mammalia.
They are characterized by the presence of mammary glands for milk production for their young ones, possession of fur or hair, having neocortex in the brain, and the presence of three middle bones.
As recently as 2018, it has been revealed that there are as many as 6,495 species of mammals which includes 96 extinct species.
The lower jaws or jawbones of humans and other animals.
Mass of fatty tissue found in the forehead of toothed whales that acts as a sound lens and helps their vocalization.
Relating to water habitats with salt concentrations.
Animals that are members of the mammal biological class Marsupialia characterized by giving birth to undeveloped young ones who complete development in their mother’s pouch.
The female leader of a group of animals.
A stage in the development of animals where they can breed.
The upper jaw bones of animals.
The amount of energy an animal’s body expends while at rest.
The various chemical reactions that occur in the body of animals that result in the conversion of food into energy and the production of wastes.
The set of bones found in the hands and limbs of four-limbed vertebrates.
Series of changes an animal undergoes as it develops to adulthood.
Bones that are located in the back of the legs of vertebrates with four limbs.
The dark part of the ocean, below the twilight zone.
Movement of animals covering large distances on a seasonal basis.
The act engaged in by animals to camouflage their true identity to appear as other animals or objects in a bid to attract prey or evade predators.
Flat ridged teeth located at the rear of a mammal’s set of teeth used for crushing and grinding food.
A group of invertebrate animals that live in marine and terrestrial habitats and are known for their soft bodies and hard shells. There are about 85,000 species of mollusks in existence.
Mating with a single partner for a lifetime or throughout the mating season.
Animals that experience estrus once in a year or animals that engage in breeding once in a year.
Mammals that lay eggs.
Shed skin, feathers, scales, and furs by animals.
The sticky, slimy liquid produced by the lining tissues in animals for protection or sticking on surfaces.
Carnivorous mammals that belong to the Mustelidae family (otter family)
Nose and jaws of animals.
Name of Young
The name given to the offspring of an animal.
The terrain, range, and habitat of an animal in which it thrives. It comprises the living and nonliving factors in the habitat that affect the animal and its development.
The process which involves the adaptation and changes in the population of living organisms over time. It refers to the increased presence of traits that give living organisms increased chances of surviving to reproduce in a population over different generations.
The Western Hemisphere, i.e., the Americas.
New World Monkeys
Five families of primates that reside in tropical regions in Mexico, South America, and Central America. They are generally called Ceboidea.
A sweet liquid produced by plants that attract insects for pollination.
Harmful venoms produced by animals such as ants, spiders, and snakes capable of damaging and destroying the central nervous system or peripheral nervous system of animals.
The role played by an animal in its habitat.
Animals that sleep during the day and are active during the night.
Marine mollusks that shed their shell after the larval stage. They are called sea slugs and are related to land slugs.
A secondary sex characteristic present in animals such as salamanders and frogs. It appears on the forearms of animals and is used to grasp females during amplexus.
Number of Species
The number of recorded species of animals.
A young insect that appears to have an adult form but does not have the functioning organ that makes it capable of flying.
The young ones birthed by an animal.
Africa, Asia, and Europe.
Old World Monkey
Family of primates that belong to the biological family Cercopithecidae. It is the largest primate family as it is made of 24 genera and 138 species.
Animals that eat both plants and animals.
Bones in fish which provide facial support and serve as a protective covering for the gill.
Animals that feed on any organic matter they find.
Digits that can be pressed in opposite directions.
Optimum pH Level
The ideal acid level for animals.
A taxonomic rank into which animals are classified. The order comes after the class and is sub-divided into families.
Internal structure in animals made up of tissues that perform specific functions vital to animals’ well-being.
Refers to living things that are single-celled or multi-celled.
The area where an animal was initially found.
A scientist who studies bird and their behavior.
Names given to animals that differ from their scientific and generally accepted names.
Bony deposits on the skin of reptiles and amphibians that protect them from predators.
Animals that lay eggs with little or no embryonic development in mothers. It is a form of reproduction found in fishes, amphibians, and some reptiles.
An organ in insects in the form of a tube with which female insects lay eggs.
An animal that lives inside or on the body of another animal and derives nourishment from the animal.
A form of asexual reproduction in which the embryo grows and develops without sperm fertilization.
Salivary glands found in animals. It is located in the mouths of animals. For amphibians, it is found in the eyes with which they use to shoot out venoms.
A type of migration where some animals do not migrate with the rest of the herd.
The front section of the body or front limbs.
Fin located on the side of fishes which is responsible for directional movements.
The second pair of appendages located in the first pair of walking legs in arthropods.
A section of the ocean which is not near the bottom and not near the surface.
Paired fins that are located on the underside of fishes.
A chemical produced by animals that triggers a social response in other animals of its species.
A major taxonomic rank that classifies living organisms. It is found between the kingdom and class taxonomic ranks.
Tiny plants that are part of the plankton community.
A substance that gives color to animal eggs and feathers.
The external ear part of animals.
A group of aquatic animals with flippers or fin feet.
Animals that their young ones develop in the placenta and are born fully developed.
Living organisms in marine habitats that cannot move against current or wind. They are an important source of food for both small and large aquatic animals.
The lower part of the shell of turtles and tortoises.
The feathers of a bird.
The collective noun for a group of dolphins or whales.
Tiny yellowish grain transported to other parts of plants by winds, insects, or animals and is responsible for fertilization.
An animal that transports pollen from flower to flower while feeding on nectar.
Mating structure in animals where a single member of one gender mates with several members of another gender in a breeding season.
Mating structure in animals where a single male mates with different females in a breeding season
Small animals with rings, tentacles, and stalk-like bodies that are closely related to jellyfish.
Animals, usually carnivores, that hunt and kill other animals for food.
The act of cleaning feathers carried by birds and oils from their preen glands.
Body parts in animals that are capable of grasping.
Teeth found in mammals between the canine and molar used for slicing through flesh.
An animal that is hunted killed, and fed on by other animals.
An order of mammals that have five fingers for grasping things.
An order of mammals with African origins that consists of just one living family (Elephant family) and multiple extinct families.
A long appendage from the head of animals or a tubular mouth used for sucking and feeding by animals.
The fleshy legs of a caterpillar or similar-looking insect larvae.
Animals that have one cell that feeds on organic matter.
The intermediate stage between the larvae and adult development in the metamorphosis of insects.
Animals that walk on four limbs.
- The only female insect that lays eggs in colonies of ants, bees, and wasps.
- The term for a female animal of certain species.
A habitat near the equator that is characterized by tree canopies, lianas and epiphytes, ever-green vegetation, and no wildfire.
Birds of prey.
The act of bringing out food that has been swallowed in order to feed young ones.
The biological process that leads to the development of a new organ referred to as offspring from parents.
Cold-blooded vertebrates that belong to the class Reptilia and are characterized by scaly skin and laying eggs on land. As of March 2022, the Reptile Database reports that there are 11,820 species of reptiles in the world.
The home where birds gather to rest at night or the act of resting.
The biological process where oxygen is absorbed from the environment and supplied to an animal’s cells and tissues, with carbon dioxide being released to the environment.
Hoofed herbivorous animals with specialized stomach chambers capable of breaking down plants.
The period when animals such as sheep and ungulates engage in sexual activity.
Animals that feed on dead, decaying, or decomposing animals and plants.
Flat plate matter made of keratin which covers the body of animals for protection.
The act of feeding and consuming dead animals that have died from natural causes.
The biological name given to a species by scientists. It is also called binomial nomenclature.
A group of fishes that swim and move together.
Scales laden with horns or bony external plates that form hard shells.
A lifestyle of animals that involves little movement.
Tiny hairs that connect to the nerves of insects that help them detect touch and different odors.
Animals that attach themselves to another object or animal and cannot move independently.
The burrow or den of a badger.
The condition where different characteristics are exhibited by the sexes of the same species.
Fibrous proteinous material produced by spiders.
Eyes that contain one lens and no elaborate retina.
The length and height of an animal.
A group or order of aquatic herbivorous mammals.
The structural framework of an animal that supports its body.
The protective outer layer of an animal.
The act of shedding old skin.
Eggs of amphibians floating on water.
The basic unit of classification of living organisms or groups of organisms in which two organisms of different genders can produce fertile offspring.
A mass containing spermatozoa produced by amphibians during reproduction.
An organ located at the end of a spider’s abdomen where silk is produced.
Small holes on the side of insects that are used for breathing.
Small remnants of back legs found on Boa snakes.
The chest bone in the center rates that have grout limbs.
A sharp point found at the end of certain animals with which they strike prey and infuse venoms in prey.
A group of pigs.
A group of animals of the same species that live in different geographical locations.
A sound-producing organ in birds located at the point where the windpipe connects with the pipes that lead to the lungs.
The larvae stage in the development of an amphibian.
Amphibians that have developed to spend all their time on land.
The behavior and thinking pattern of an animal.
Animals that spend all their time entirely on land.
The act of defending an area that contains an animal’s nest, den, or mating site and is abundant with food from other animals.
An area defended by an animal where it lives.
Vertebrate animals with four legs.
Nerves made of a sensory cell that detects heat.
The middle section of an insect body.
The bones in the shin of animals.
Structures that look like drums located on the legs of insects with which they make mating sounds.
A group of marine arthropods that belong to the class Trilobita that are now extinct.
A layer of cells in animals that make up organs.
A pipe-like organ in animals that is part of the respiratory system of animals.
The bony extended front teeth of elephants.
The part of the ocean that is dimly lit.
The layer of fur that is closer to an animal’s body and keeps it warm.
An organ that is part of the female reproductive system in animals where offspring develop.
Large mammals with a hoof.
One half of a hinged shell of a mollusk.
The skin that covers the antlers of animals.
A harmful substance produced by animals that can alter the function of an animal’s body.
Animals that produce venoms.
The small bones that interlock to define the backbone.
A group of animals that cut across various classes of animals such as mammals, aves, reptiles, and amphibians, that are characterized by the presence of backbone in their body. There are about 69,963 species of vertebrates.
Animals that give birth to live young ones.
The ability of animals to maintain warm body temperature despite the temperature of their environment.
Birds with webbed feet that live near water bodies.
The process of introducing young animals to the diet they would consume as adults while withdrawing milk from them.
A structure made of silk produced by spiders.
Skin flaps found between the legs of animals.
The tough, fore wing that covers the functioning wings of some insects.
The distance between the tip of one bird’s wing to the tip of the opposite wing.
A member of an insect colony that constructs nests, finds food and cares for the young in the colony.
Animals that feed or bite into wood.
A yellowish substance found in the eggs of animals that provide nourishment for their young ones.
Small aquatic microorganisms that are part of the plankton community.